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Antonov An-38. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.
The twin-engine Antonov An-38, a small, multi-purpose aircraft, developed by OKB Antonov, local airlines and intended for the transportation of passengers 27 or 2500 kg of cargo a distance of one thousand kilometers. An-38 developed based on older machines, Antonov An-28, 2,5 is extended to the meter fuselage, more powerful engines and more convenient and comfortable cabin than its predecessor.
An-38 - a small twin-engine multi-purpose aircraft, which have developed in OKB Antonov for use on local airlines. Air machine is capable of carrying passengers or 27 2500 kg of various cargo over a distance of 1000 km. An-38 designed as a continuation of the AN-28. In comparison with the base model 38-D has lengthened to 2,5m fuselage, more powerful propulsion system, more convenient and comfortable accommodation inside the cabin.
In 1989 year, demonstrating multipurpose aircraft AN-28, in India, it has become clear that there is a demand for small regional aircraft with a seating capacity of up to 30 people. In the same year OKB Antonov, on its own initiative, prepare the documentation of the new aircraft project, the designation AN-38. A year later, the design of the new aircraft has been approved. aircraft project was lengthened fuselage with a capacity of up to 30 passengers and more powerful engines, TBD-1500 Rybinsk Motors Company. His model in June 1991 years was demonstrated at Paris Air Show Paris Air Show.
An 38 photo
Later theater-1500 engines were replaced with turboprop engines TPE-331-14GR-801E, a US manufacturer of «Allied Signal». These motors have the power 1521 hp And equipped with screws «Hartzell», characterized by low noise. In 1992 year began production of the six AN-38 aircraft. Four flight test, one for ground and one for static testing machine. Assembling aircraft carried Novosibirsk Aircraft Plant named after Chkalov with components manufactured in Ukraine and Belarus.
The finished version of the aircraft with established American engines received the designation AN-38-100. The first flight of the aircraft AN-38-100 23 was committed in June 1994 years.
Ready airplane dining room has a seating capacity of up to 27 people who could easily be converted into a truck. Test trials have shown that the An-38 400 speeds up to kilometers per hour and is capable of carrying more than two tonnes of cargo. With the new engine, fuel consumption is reduced, which allowed increase the distance of the flight. The aircraft as well as the An-28, well-behaved at high angles of attack, was reliable and easy to operate. And like its predecessor, could make takeoffs and landings from unprepared airfields.
Driving An interior-38
An On-38-100 equipped with modern navigation equipment. It is also equipped with a weather radar. The equipment allows the aircraft to fly in bad weather and at night. Optionally, the aircraft is equipped with air conditioning, for use in regions with a hot climate and the crane-beam to provide facilities for loading work. Based on the An-38-100 offered planes with a more comfortable cabin for 8 people.
There are also modifications to fire and patrol aircraft to the victims of medical transportation.
A little later, another version of the aircraft was released, which was designated the AN-38-200. In this version were installed domestic turboprop engines TVD-20-03 1375 hp power, Omsk engine-building association. These engines have less power than the American TPE-331-14GR-801E and have greater weight and greater fuel consumption, thus reducing the range, but the price is much lower domestic engines. The first flight of the An-38-200 from Omsk engine turboprop-20-03 11 was made in December 2001 years.
An interior 38
Also version of the aircraft was designed with increased up to 3200 kg, carrying capacity. This modification was named AN-38K. It allows you to hold up to four conventional aircraft containers.
History of An-35
In 1989 year in India, a demonstration of the multipurpose An-28, after which the leadership of KB was clear that these small planes on 30 passengers, and the more modernized versions, very much in demand. In the same year, engineers from OKB on its own initiative started to develop a new aircraft under the designation An-38. After a one year design approved aircraft. By design, in comparison with the base, we have certain adjustments, in particular a fuselage lengthened for better placement 30 passengers. Also replaced the old with new engines, has a high capacity, turboprop-1500, which are designed on the Rybinsk enterprise motostroitelnom. Model of the new multipurpose aircraft shown in Paris at the aerospace exhibition PAS - Paris Air Show.
After a while the HPT-1500 engines replaced with turboprops TPE-331-14GR-801E power 1521 HP, which has created a US firm Allied Signal. These motors are equipped with special screws Hartzell, the advantage of which is their low noise. The first six copies of the An-38 1992 began designing in the year, guided by the different types of tests: 4 - on the flight, 1 - on the ground, 1 - static. The assembly machine is experienced Novosibirsk Aircraft Plant named after Chkalov. Kit components are created in different industries in Ukraine and Belarus.
The finished version of the aircraft with new engines American production called An-38-100. 23 June two years later he made his first flight.
Specially applied arrangement made it possible to complete the aircraft under the passenger compartment on the man or 27 under the cargo compartment. On the test trial of AN-38 demonstrated the ability to reach speeds of up to 400 km / h and the ability to transport cargo weighing 2 tons. New engines increased range due to increased efficiency. An-38 picked up a lot of good qualities from its base model, in particular the reliability of the design, ease of use and an excellent result at high angles of attack. And I got the same ability to perform takeoffs and landings on unprepared runways and airfields.
In the new air unit installed an upgraded navigation equipment, including weather radar. Thanks to them, the possibility of making flight in adverse weather conditions and at any time of the day. Among the options of the aircraft stand at the presence of the air conditioner operating conditions in countries with hot climate and crane tanks for loading operations. Just based on the An-38-100 the variant with increased comfort on 8 passengers.
An-38-100 - basic series aircraft with established American engines TPE-331-14GR-801E.
An-38-110 - aircraft with a reduced composition of the equipment.
An-38-120 - version with extended set of equipment installed voice recorder OPAL-D mechanism and FPS-2000, warning of the approach to the ground.
An-38-200 - cargo-passenger convertible aircraft with turboprop engines-20-03 Russian production and AV-36 screws. A set of similar equipment AN-38-120, but with the addition of an air collision avoidance system TCAS-2000.
An-38K - increased load capacity up to 3200 kg.
An-38D - Airborne modification, designed for human 22.
An-38S - aircraft version of health plan, in which people are placed on a stretcher 6 and 9 seats.
According to official figures at the beginning of the year it was made 2006 An eleven-38 aircraft.
Technical characteristics of the AN-38-100
The first flight of the An-38: 23 1994 year in June
Production Years: c 1994 till today
Length: 15,54 m.
Height: 4,30 m.
Empty weight: 5000 kg.
Wing area: 39,72 sq.m.
Wingspan: 22,06 m.
Cruising speed: 380 km / h..
Maximum speed: 405 km / h..
Ceiling: 9000 m.
Range: 1400 km.
Length of takeoff: 500 m.
path length: 330 m.
Engines: 2 turboprop engine TRE331-140D-801E or theater-20-03
Crew: 1-2 person
Number of passengers: up to 27 places
An 38 video
An-24 - AN-24
An-26 - AN-26
An-28 - AN-28
An-74 - AN-74
An-140 - AN-140
An-148 - AN-148
An-158 - AN-158
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