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The aircraft Tupolev ANT-3. A photo. History. Characteristics.


ANT-3 - Double Single Column polutoraplan, whose first flight took place in 1925 year. for the design and construction of the aircraft Quest was issued at the beginning of the year 1924, and in April of this year, a project under the engine "Liberty" with a capacity of 400 hp was ready. The prototype produced in July 1925 years. In August, VN Filippov produced factory testing, after which the aircraft was transferred to the scientific and experimental airfield for the state tests, which took place before April 1926 years. Flew VS Vakhmistrov and MM Gromov. They identified a number of shortcomings, but no specific findings on the aircraft was not.


At the heart of the ANT-3 fuselage type ANT-2 it was used with a triangular cross-section. It observer-gunner was working in a standing position. Moreover, the upper wing was such that virtually lay on the fuselage. Project development and construction of the assignment was given in 1924 year.

Since December 1925 years, passed the construction of the main instance ANT-3 specifically for the series GAZ №5 and several copies intended for flights to Europe. MM Gromov gave the following advice: install on the aircraft engine "Napier Lion", with a capacity of 450 hp on long-haul flights, the Commission adopted the proposal. At the head of the aircraft is amended as follows: change the wings of the box and the N-shaped struts on the K-shaped. As a result, the ANT-3 improved its performance.

MM Gromov with EV Radzevich on ANT-3 «Proletarian" make further flight (from the 30 2 August to September 1926), who was 7150 km. At this hour flight took 34 15 minutes of flying time. A year later, on the same plane Shestakov with D. Fufaeva performed over a long flight in 20 thousand. km. They overcame him by the 153 hours. Flights demonstrated to all, not only the skill of pilots, but also the success of aircraft in the USSR.


The series was released more than a hundred aircraft with different engines. They were a few years in service.

The whole history of ANT-3 demonstrates the problems of formation of all-metal aircraft with a strong backlog of engine at that time (1925-1928 years.).

ANT-3 characteristics:

Modification ANT-3
Wingspan, m 13.00
Aircraft Length m 9.40
Height, m 2.95
Wing area, m2 37.00
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 1412
maximum take-off 2400
engine's type 1 PD Niper-Lion
Power, hp X 1 450
Maximum speed km / h 226
Cruising speed, km / h 195
Practical range, km 560
Rate of climb, m / min 294
Practical ceiling, m 5100
Crew 1




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The success of light passenger ANT-2 prompted AN Tupolev move on the path of all-metal aircraft. The next in the series of this type of machine was the ANT-3 (F-3), which is intelligence. Designer temporarily moved away from the monoplane scheme, making this time polutoraplan (bottom bearing surface is less than the top), but left the fuselage, the exhaust on the ANT-2. F-3 was much heavier, larger in size than its predecessor, and required the installation of more powerful engine. The latter has become the biggest problem, because the domestic motor industry considerably lagged behind the development of airplane people, and purchase engines abroad comes at a price. Often, the designers had to choose according to the principle of "take that give." Such an approach is already forced to redo the exhaust plane and sometimes not for the better.
ANT-3 also changed several kinds of "engines" to improve the speed and performance of range. By plane, bore the proper name "proletarian", was made a flight to Europe with a stopover in the capitals of various countries. The other side, worked his way east across the entire Soviet Union, reached Tokyo. We can say that ANT-3 opened the era of the creation of heavy machinery for various purposes, capable of flying long distances.

Plane-whatnot. And matchless. I heard, put a lot of world records, in addition to what he did fly. And it's not alone. I think so. It was necessary to continue to allocate some specialists of OKB and keep the robot over the likes of the Far-haul aircraft. But the problem was different. Almost all were built in the Soviet Union, it was built based on who or whether to kill or destroy.
But the plane worthy. I mark it with a friend's seen. Apart from a good artist should assure that a plane fell on Soviet stamps will not draw.

And there was nothing to bury. The Japanese, but realized that the Soviet Air Force could very much. Tupolev fellow has built an excellent aircraft. Ant-3 all showed not only the range and power of response.

Yes, a good machine. I remember as a child, I saw a postcard with ANT-3 on the background of the Japanese Mount Fuji-Yama. It has been written, "Our answer is." My grandfather then told me that the way councils responded to the Japanese and to the world that our combat aircraft can without any problems to reach their distant islands and the points for air strikes. Accordingly, Soviet bombers could combat missions deep in enemy territory. And that means that all the teeth can break.
And I remember reading the book "A. Tupolev - the man and his aircraft. " So there is clearly described by the flight to Europe Intelligence ANT-3. He led the Thunders. Though there were a few problems, but they are easily solved apparatus yet reached the end point. Yet Soviet equipment at the time could adequately respond to other countries.