The aircraft Tupolev ANT-3. A photo. History. Characteristics.
ANT-3 - Double Single Column polutoraplan, whose first flight took place in 1925 year. for the design and construction of the aircraft Quest was issued at the beginning of the year 1924, and in April of this year, a project under the engine "Liberty" with a capacity of 400 hp was ready. The prototype produced in July 1925 years. In August, VN Filippov produced factory testing, after which the aircraft was transferred to the scientific and experimental airfield for the state tests, which took place before April 1926 years. Flew VS Vakhmistrov and MM Gromov. They identified a number of shortcomings, but no specific findings on the aircraft was not.
At the heart of the ANT-3 fuselage type ANT-2 it was used with a triangular cross-section. It observer-gunner was working in a standing position. Moreover, the upper wing was such that virtually lay on the fuselage. Project development and construction of the assignment was given in 1924 year.
Since December 1925 years, passed the construction of the main instance ANT-3 specifically for the series GAZ №5 and several copies intended for flights to Europe. MM Gromov gave the following advice: install on the aircraft engine "Napier Lion", with a capacity of 450 hp on long-haul flights, the Commission adopted the proposal. At the head of the aircraft is amended as follows: change the wings of the box and the N-shaped struts on the K-shaped. As a result, the ANT-3 improved its performance.
MM Gromov with EV Radzevich on ANT-3 «Proletarian" make further flight (from the 30 2 August to September 1926), who was 7150 km. At this hour flight took 34 15 minutes of flying time. A year later, on the same plane Shestakov with D. Fufaeva performed over a long flight in 20 thousand. km. They overcame him by the 153 hours. Flights demonstrated to all, not only the skill of pilots, but also the success of aircraft in the USSR.
The series was released more than a hundred aircraft with different engines. They were a few years in service.
The whole history of ANT-3 demonstrates the problems of formation of all-metal aircraft with a strong backlog of engine at that time (1925-1928 years.).
|Aircraft Length m||9.40|
|Wing area, m2||37.00|
|engine's type||1 PD Niper-Lion|
|Power, hp||X 1 450|
|Maximum speed km / h||226|
|Cruising speed, km / h||195|
|Practical range, km||560|
|Rate of climb, m / min||294|
|Practical ceiling, m||5100|
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation