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The aircraft Tupolev ANT-20. A photo. History. Characteristics.


ANT-20 - many-soviet, propaganda, vosmimotorny plane to land chassis. Built on the Voronezh aircraft factory.

History of the ANT-20

In October 1932, in a group of journalists and writers, headed by M. Koltsov, the day of the anniversary of forty years of literary activity M. Gorky had the idea of ​​creating agitsamoleta, who will be named in honor of a talented writer "Maxim Gorky". He is raising money to build engaged Union Committee. And in no time managed to collect about 6 million. In its composition, the Committee organized the Technical Council, chaired by Kharlamov, head of TsAGI. That he had the honor to develop and face the future of the aircraft and to make the specifications given assignments ANT-20.


The work of the Technical Board following institutions participated: CIAM, TsAGI, the printing industry, Fotokinoinstitut, Research Institute of the Air Force and individual designers, engineers. VN Belyaev charge of strength calculations, BM Kondorskii, AA Archangel, VM Petlyakov - general views, BA Saukke - chief engineer, AA Engibaryan, EI Pogossky - equipment, NS Nekrasov and others. He supervised all workflow AN Tupolev. In order to monitor the construction and transmission of orders for different equipment was established Construction Commission, headed by AN Goryanov. The commission in March 10 1933 year signed a contract with the TsAGI to build AN-20 «Maxim Gorky."

AN Tupolev to 1931 has successfully launched a bomber TB-3 mass production, engaged in the subsequent development of superheavy giants. Exclusive project was developed passenger bomber TB-4, which was named ANT-20.


In 1933 year we reviewed the preliminary design of the ANT-20, which provides for the possibility of using an aircraft as a transport, passenger, agitation, bomber. He could act as a mobile headquarters for the political structures of power and the higher military.

ANT-20 different from ANT-16 (TB-4) only in size and carrying capacity. He had to bear the 1,5 tons more load and use a small airfields. With his takeoff length of the runway should be 300-400 m. The result was a new wing, which had an elongation and an area different from the wing TB-4. Almost the entire surface was corrugated. As for the power plant, it consisted of 8 engines M-34FRN (each 900 hp). Wood screws with a diameter of 4 m. Initially, it was planned to establish 6 engines, but their power is not enough. Navigation equipment provides operation at any time, including allowing carry landing on unprepared terrain. By means of agitation on board include speakerphone radio, radios, photographic laboratory, film projector, library, printing and others.

On ANT-20 the nation's first system was used AC power Hz 50, 120 B. Onboard power represented by two petrol engines and four generators.

In 1934 year on the plane were set world records 2: 10 thousand raised loads. And 15 thousand. Kg to a height of 5 thousand. Meters.


18 May 1935 city the central airfield Russia held a demonstration flight, after which the ANT-20 should have been transferred to agiteskadrilyu them. Gorky. It was attended by two aircraft and fighter-5, double P-5. The fighter Blagin began to perform difficult tricks in the vicinity of the ANT-20. Trying to run around a giant loop the loop, the aircraft hovered at the top and fell right on the ANT-20. A few seconds later there was a terrible sound, and the plane dropped at the holiday village Falcon. The death toll - 49 people, including Blagin, 37 passengers - TsAGI employees and their relatives (6 children) and 11 crew members.

ANT-20 characteristics:

Modification ANT-20bis
Wingspan, m 63.00
Aircraft Length m 34.10
Height, m 12.80
Wing area, m2 486.00
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 31200
maximum take-off 44000
fuel 5830
engine's type 6 PD M-34FRNV
Power, hp X 6 1000 (1200)
Maximum speed km / h 235
Cruising speed, km / h 206
Practical range, km 1300
Practical ceiling, m 5500
Crew 5
Payload: 64 to passengers




This question is to determine whether you are a human automated spam submissions.

"Maxim Gorky", or ANT-20, I was impressed by its size, because it was the largest plane at the time. Also, I noticed that it has 8 engines, and this is very good because it gives him the opportunity to fly 275 km / h. I think he was so big because that could carry human 72. Just think of this number. In 1934 year it was a lot.
I was very struck by the fact that the plane was flying at such a writer is Antoine de Saint-Exupery. I knew he was a pilot, but did not know that he did it on an airplane flight.
Also, I was interested in the fact that the aircraft was flying over Red Square.
But most of all I was shocked by the disaster, which is connected precisely with the ANT-20. I feel sorry for the people who broke into this plane. In fact, Blagin should not have to make such figures, it's aerobatics, and thus a great danger. That's a result of this his plane became uncontrollable and crashed on the ANT-20, which led to a fatal accident.
The plane was very nice and I like it, but like many others he served not long, about a year.

Hello. On many forums I read about this plane. Indeed giant. For 35-year is the huge plane. It's a pity of course that he flew long, but I hate more. Met on one site silly scribble about allegedly found a letter Blagina (accompanied and pilot-5, which became the cause of the fall of Maxim Gorky). Not even a letter, and a suicide note. I do not remember, but there was a question about the "worthless" Soviet power, bureaucrats and thieves. No, I agree in principle, but when viewed logically, it is not possible. The question arises: why Blagin loops around the MC? Why just the tail of the crashed? Why carousing and turns showed ??? If anyone is interested in this topic, rummage in the depths of an Internet and bring their arguments on this issue.