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The aircraft Tupolev ANT-2. A photo. History. Characteristics.


ANT-2 - metal aircraft, which has a corrugated siding kolchugalyuminiya. It is a monoplane with a triangular in cross-section fuselage and cantilever high-wing, which made it possible to abandon the spacers and increase rigidity. ANT-2 had a booth of closed type for two passengers, with a seating area, located opposite each other. Through a side door you can log on to the cabin. The aircraft was equipped with a motor Bristol Lucifer (three cylinder) capacity in liters 100. from.

Along with the work on the aircraft ANT-1 preparing the material base for the construction of domestic all-metal airplanes.

Production of semi-finished kolchugalyuminiya (corrugated, sheet metal, pipes, profiles, rivets) allowed the team, which was headed by AN Tupolev, begin to build an all-metal aircraft.

ANT-2 photo

In May 1923 years for the construction of aircraft, the Commission embarked on a UWS order to create a single-engine aircraft in two versions: as a spy plane with a machine gun and a passenger, is designed to carry two or three passengers. For ANT-2 picked scheme cantilever all-metal monoplane having a wing verhneraspolozhennoe.

ANT-2 was completed in May 1924 years 26 and May this year, NI Petrov first took it up into the sky. Until April 1925 years passed the test aircraft. According to their results, it was decided to release a series of five machines. This task fell to workshops Kolchugino. ANT-2bis had 200 hp engine and it was designed to carry three people. Due to work load Bureau to deploy a series of P-3 (ANT-3) implement plans to release 5 ANT-2bis worked. Only in 1930 was established one machine ANT-2bis. However, it was not possible to implement the project reconnaissance, built on the base ANT-2. Preserved today ANT-2 can be viewed at the Museum of the Air Force, located in Monino.

The design of ANT-2

As already mentioned, the plane was completely made of kolchugalyuminiya (height - 8 mm pitch - 40 mm). When you create a special attention was paid to good aerodynamic quality, simplicity of design, reduced weight without compromising strength.

ANT-2 Monino

The wing of a continuous, rigid, two-spar, with twenty-six truss ribs, with a bow-type ANT-2, which has a relative thickness in sixteen percent. By the fuselage wing spar is secured by four bolts on top. In front of the wing, which hangs over the cockpit, there is a cut-out. Below on the wing tips are provided a small bow, by which the movement is directed AN-2 aerodrome. Moreover, the bow were mounted on the aircraft parking area.

The fuselage has a triangular shape, which provides good stiffness with minimum weight, as no longer necessary in the struts and braces when mounting frames. Fuselage trehlonzheronny. Motor roofing is attached to the front of the four bolts. When removing the two bolts with it it can rotate simultaneously with the motor, just as in the doors on the hinges.

an open cabin and is located above the engine. Small celluloid visor protects the pilot from the air stream (later increased it). On the dashboard are instruments showing speed, altitude, the presence of gasoline, engine speed, temperature and oil pressure. The pilot climbs into the cockpit on the left, where there is a special recess for the legs.

The passenger cabin in the normal version is designed for two people and is located above the cockpit. From the aft fuselage and cockpit separated its corrugated walls. The front door is located in front of the cockpit on the port side. On each side is made of 3 window. The passengers sat facing each other on the woven reed chairs. Passenger seat located behind the cockpit, did not have a back.

ANT-2 photo

The chassis is attached to the bottom of the fuselage. It is with 2 poluoski with stretch marks, which were enclosed in a little lower plane, located between the wheels.

ANT-2 characteristics:

Modification ANT-2
Wingspan, m 10.00
Aircraft Length m 7.50
Height, m 2.15
Wing area, m2 17.30
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 500
maximum take-off 820
engine's type 1 PD Bristol Lucifier
Power, hp X 1 100
Maximum speed km / h  
near the ground 165
on high 155
Cruising speed, km / h 125
Practical range, km 425
Rate of climb, m / min 63
Practical ceiling, m 3000
Crew 1
Payload: 2-3 passenger




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The design approach AN Tupolev is always based on scientific communication theory and practice, on a wide borrow advanced ideas and technology from the related industries. Without that Andrei would never have become a pioneer in the field of domestic "metallic" aircraft. After working on his first ANT-1 application of new material in the individual parts and components, the designer creates all-metal high-2 with ANT gofroobshivkoy of kolchugalyuminiya. It was a great success, confirming the prospects of the chosen direction. ANT-2 was designed to carry two passengers or performing reconnaissance flights. The test flights confirmed that the plane was extremely easy, rational and in no way inferior to machines Junkers, which was used in the construction of duralumin, is slightly different in properties from the Soviet counterpart. Quality Aerobatic aircraft with modified tail did not cause any complaints. Installing enhanced engine power has increased the passazhironagruzku ANT-2 three people. It was assumed that the aircraft will be produced, however, difficulties with the supply of imported engines, lack of manufacturing capacity and new, far-reaching plans to create these all-metal aircraft was not allowed to sell them.

Delusional plane. Delusional test. Information about it, do not understand what it is. Nightmare. I modeller with experience, I have my own collection, but its principle will not simulate.
The maximum ceiling have not found the speed information as accurately, even in the wiki read that if the salon was setting two passengers, the aircraft was one indicator, and if three, it is different. It seems that it is not designed as "mutili" like water. The couple quickly Navarro prevented, glued, looked full face, in profile. Even faster we conducted inspections and tests. Eventually. Apparatets kind of good, but will not go. All good-bye. I do not like these planes. Air machine must be created a long, hard and easy. More than once met such a thing as if it did not go, the problems started. The point needs to be changed. Either approach is to change it. A ANT-2 direct evidence here of the problems.

Eugene, they really had five. However, only two raised to the sky. Others simply have built solutions for the "top". When considering all of the aircraft Commission recognized that good, but no one wanted to spend time and energy on the ANT-2. It seems like due to the fact that the projects were already more new aircraft.

I have long been interested in, any information about the mass production of the "carcasses". On the Internet, as well as on the official website of the EDB, almost nothing there. Especially when it comes to the number of cars built. Some sources mention one instance, in the other a few. I do not remember exactly where, like a book on the designer himself and his work, but met 5 number (serial). At the same site EDO is a question of five planned. I understand only one finished. He was the prototype. It's good that it could recover after a fire.
If anyone has what information plz share. It is also not very clear for whom the planned flight. According to one source for domestic airlines, according to another Red Army Air Force. If there is anyone what infa manual, respectful request - to share.
Once I met about the existence of the Old books on ANT and ANT-1-2. Somewhere in the net, you can find it. But there is nothing about the operation.