An-32, which NATO Codification called Cline, - multi-purpose military transport Soviet / Ukrainian aircraft. Its technical characteristics allow operation in extreme climatic conditions, including the hot temperatures (up to 50 ° C) and high-altitude airfields (up to 4500 m). The plane was designed primarily for the transportation of goods on the lines of medium and short-haul. The aircraft is also suitable for the transport of military personnel staff, to perform operations on the dropping of people and cargo platforms, sanitary version - to transport the wounded.
Antonov An-32 presented with an all-metal cantilever vysokoplanom odnokilevym tail fins and two ridges located beneath the fuselage. The vehicle has a rear cargo door and retractable landing gear in flight. As part of the power plant two turboprop engines located on a wing center section.
The crew consists of a pilot left (crew commander), right-pilot and navigator. The airframe is the main material of aluminum alloys. Components and assemblies that require high precision, are made of stainless steel. Widespread in the design and found non-metallic materials: fiberglass, fiber, etc. organostekloplastik.
The fuselage is made by the type of girder, stringer and semi-monocoque is divided into three compartments by a partition (in the area of frames № 11, 40): fixing the tail compartment, middle and front. Home front fuselage compartment represented radome. It has a three-layer structure, and the honeycomb paneling made of fiberglass. The rest of the front and middle compartments sealed.
The control cabin is located between the frames and the number 1 7 number. The cabin has four side, two upper and three front windows. Front right and left glass electrowarmed made of laminated silicate. Blister navigator, whose diameter is 700 mm, located on the left side, there is an escape hatch in the ceiling of the cabin. The cargo compartment is located between the frames 7-33, from the control room is separated by a partition with a door. The cargo compartment has a height and a width of m 1,84 2,4 m. The load floor is made of power-studded frame and duralumin sheets.
As part of the longitudinal frame floor there zygomatic fuselage beams and extruded profiles, cross-frame is formed from the bottom of the frames. They have a slot for fixing and mooring sites. The cargo floor is an escape hatch, the opening of which is due to two hydraulic cylinders on the outside of the aircraft. Nearby there is a door, which dimensions are 600 x 1400 mm.
Each of the sides of the cargo compartment is 4 on the window. One of them is located in the emergency hatch. All windows except the heated glass lamp made of Plexiglas indicative. Board and escape hatches, and the upper front door opened manually into the cabin. Cargo hatch located between the frames № 33-45. It has a seal by germoschitka and rubber profile, laid on the perimeter of the frame. When you open the cargo hatch flap goes up and down a ramp deflected to the ground surface, or there is rolled back forward under the fuselage.
During recoil ramp deflection and can be fixed in an intermediate position.
Bay mounting busy feathering flight-navigation and radio equipment, which can be reached through hatches placed in the bottom pane.
Wing aircraft An-32 caisson type dvuhlonzheronnoe. It is composed of the center section, the two detachable parts (between the ribs 12-23) and two middle portion (between the ribs 7-12). The joints of the center-with those portions of the flange. Attaching the wing to the fuselage frames extends in number 17 and 20 by two arcs and eight fittings, which are attached to the side members and are connected to the skin of the fuselage.
Center section has a solid molded panel. The center wing caisson are soft 10 fuel tanks in the middle of the fuel tanks-tanks presented compartments.
Wing has good mechanization. It includes automatic slats, flaps, 15 m² area and ailerons. Each half-wing has 2 flap sections: external and internal. External section trehschelevye, drawers, have a fixed deflector and rotating the tail unit. Internal double-slotted flaps, similar to the external - with the tail rotary element and a fixed axis deviation. Flaps have a deviation angle landing 38 ° and on the rise - 15 °.
Each slat also has two console section. Holding slats is performed by the spring shock absorbers, and a flight mode release - under the influence of aerodynamic forces. The right and left ailerons two sections, with a weight balancing. Aileron deflection angles has 16 ° downwards and 24 ° upwards. Both root sections aileron servo tab kinematic installed, the left section is equipped with a trimmer. Trimmer aileron servo tab and are made of fiberglass and foam filler.
The aircraft has a cantilever tail unit, which is composed of the elevator with the stabilizer (20,3 area m²) and the keel with the rudder and forkil (16,7 area m²). Keely and console stabilizer have dvuhlonzheronnoe design wheels - single-spar. Panels elevator, stabilizer and fin kleesvarnye. Kiely and the console will dock stabilizer to the fuselage using the fittings. Rudders and height have a weight balance and aerodynamic axial compensation. The steering wheel has a height deviation angle down 20 °, up 25 °, with an area of 5,16 m². The elevator is composed of two halves which are connected to one another shaft having cardan nodes. Each of the elevator halves equipped with trimmer and rudder - trimmerom- servo tab. The steering trim tabs three-layer structure, cell and aluminum siding.
Landing gear tricycle, with a nose wheel. Front desk polurychazhnogo type of cleaning it is held in podkabinnuyu niche. Key support telescopic design with the use of nitrogen-oil shock absorbers. The main wheels are equipped with disc brakes. centering device is released and the steering mechanism in the front part of the support. If you disable the wheel steering mechanism, they will be swiveling.
The structure of the power plant of the AN-32 has two turboprop engines AI-20D 5-generation, with AB-68DM air with four-screws, auxiliary power unit TG-16M and service their systems.
Motor AI-20D created by a single-shaft scheme and is made of a ten axial compressor, three-stage planetary gear axial turbine, jet nozzles and unregulated annular combustion chamber. The engine has a mechanical control. It is located in the nacelle of the wing so that its axis is at an angle to the wing 4 °. The engine nozzle is made of a titanium alloy.
An-32 Environmental Specifications:
|Aircraft Length m||23.68|
|Wing area, m2||74.98|
|an unladen aircraft||17405|
|engine's type||2 theater Progress AI-20D Ser. 5|
|Power ehp||X 2 5180|
|Maximum speed km / h||460|
|Cruising speed, km / h||400-420|
|Practical range, km|
|with the maximum load||1170|
|loaded with 4375 kg||2350|
|Practical ceiling, m||5400|
|Payload:||50 or 42 soldiers parachutists or 24 1 stretcher attendant or 6700 kg of cargo|
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