Antonov An-30 is a device designed for aerial photography and surveillance of the terrain. By codifying NATO organization is designated "Clank," and my own country is often called "Anastasia". This machine is designed on the basis of passenger An-24, only the last number of profound modifications. It can be used as a military intelligence officer.
History of An-30
This machine was designed in the walls of the Antonov Design Bureau in the summer of 1964 years. The basis of its creation were taken to the operating time of the AN-24. This version was primarily designed for the Air Force and Civil Air Fleet of the Soviet Union. That is why the machine is ready for both military and civilian use. It was equipped with the high-quality camera equipment at the time. Layout machine was ready in 65, and was presented to the customer.
The main difference between An-30 of the original aircraft was nose. An-30 equipped with a glassed-in shower for the navigator, who was engaged in shooting. Due to the installation of the nose of the cockpit has become much wider. In addition, this upgrade will allow installing additional fuel tanks in the center section, and tightly close the door to the luggage compartment. There have also been installed under the fuselage fairings machine. The cockpit began to be placed much higher, which increased for the review of pilot and navigator. Management and maintenance of the machine in flight should produce seven crew members. The unit would be equipped with photographic equipment, which will allow you to take pictures at a scale up to 1: 150 000.
The first prototype was made in the design office Beriev, which is located in Taganrog, in the early 1967 years. For the first time the unit broke away from the runway in August 67 years. In this prototype was done 32 flight. A year later, An-30 was tested in NII VVS. By the summer of 68 years it was completed all factory testing, where it was concluded that this unit has 6 thousand flight hours between overhauls for 5 years. Tests by the state commission were completed in the summer of 70 years. In addition, the state tests was noted advantage of the new model to the previous plane.
Serial production was started in 1971 in the territory of the Kiev Aviation Plant. Manufacturing continued to 1980 years, during which time it was released 125 such machines. In addition to using the AN-30 in the USSR, it was exported to other countries. For the first time the general public aircraft An-30 was presented at the air show in Le Bourget in 75 year. On the basis of the standard car was made a number of modifications, which used to cause precipitation and meteorological research. Also, the car was made for the study of the polar latitudes. It was installed new navigational equipment of the "Toros" and additional fuel tanks to increase range.
Design features of the AN-30
The machine is designed for cantilever monoplane scheme, in which highly placed wings. Feathering was the vertical structure of the scheme, using the ridges under the body. A set of equipment for shooting and the location of crew members have been developed in two versions: for military and civilian use. The most significant changes were made to the nose compartment bulkhead 11.
Middle compartment machines previously designed for passengers in the An-24, and at the AN-30 were here are five covers for photographic equipment. Glass covers have a heating system that prevents them from freezing in flight. Manhole covers were opened with the help of electric drive. This compartment of the machine is equipped with a special room for display pictures. For the rest of the crew are provided folding bed and wardrobe storage.
Wings are located high and have a trapezoidal shape. The very design of the wing center section and is represented by four consoles. In the middle of the wing flaps set slot-like type, and on consoles - two sections of ailerons. They are equipped with servo tab and additional trimmers. Feathering tail is made in the cantilever scheme and has one fin made of metal.
The chassis of the AN-30 consists of three retractable racks that are installed pneumatic low pressure. Rear racks are cleaned in a special niche for the motors and the front desk - in a niche under the cockpit.
Powerplant scout AN-30 has two turboprop engines of the AI-24, which provide the aircraft at take-off power in 2,5 thousand horsepower. The motors mounted in the gondola of center. They drive the screws The four-feathering type, which are designated as AB-72. Start engine performs autonomous turbogenerator TG brand-16.
In this machine has two fuel systems, that are identical in their construction. Each engine has its own separate fuel tank in the wing. Furthermore, there is another tank in the center section, which can fill the one thousand liters of fuel. All tanks have a soft structure. When a failure of the fuel system can be connected in a single piece with a crane banding.
Electrical energy machines provide two generators installed on the engines. When servicing the aircraft on the ground there is a type of turbine generator TG-16. In emergency situations on board the An-30 has two battery 12SAM class. The machine also has a system that prevents ice shell using warm air. The cockpit has an oxygen system, which is designed to 7 crew members. The hydraulic system provides the chassis, turn the flaps, windscreen wipers. In addition, it can generate an emergency stop of the engine. The entire hydraulic system consists of two parts, which are powered by hydraulic pump and driven by an electric motor drive.
At the moment, the car An-30 continue to actively exploit for surveying and intelligence operations in the CIS. Some devices An-30 reequipping a cargo or passenger plane on 20 seats.
|Aircraft Length m||24.26|
|Wing area, m2||72.46|
|engine's type||2 theater Progress AI-24VT THD + 1 Union EN-19A-300|
|Power, hp||2 2817 + x 1h7.65 kN|
|Maximum speed km / h||540|
|Cruising speed, km / h||476|
|Practical range, km||2600|
|Flight duration, h||6.6|
|Practical ceiling, m||8000|
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