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An-10

Antonov An-10

 

An-10 - Soviet model of medium-haul passenger aircraft, which was developed under the direction of DC Antonov.

History of An-10

Create a new 4-motor passenger plane An-10, designed for use on aircraft lines up from the 500 2 thousand. Km, began in the late 1955, in accordance with the government on November 30 1955 involves the use of TV-20 engines and NC -4. Protection of conceptual design in May 1956 years. Model airplane was approved five months.

An-10

March 7 1957, the first airplane flew. Crew led Frenkel Wernicke navigator - PV Cat, copilot - VA Shevchenko, mechanic - AV Kalinichin, chief engineer - AP Eskin, bortelektrik - ID Yevtushenko. Departures from the airport occurred in Svyatoshino (Kyiv Aviation Plant). At the military airfield in Borispol aircraft landed. In June 1957 year held the first public demonstration of the An-10, after which the aircraft recommended for serial production.

The first technical flight machine perform 27 April 1959 the city, and a month later held a promotional flight. An-10, it is estimated that at the time was one of the most cost-effective: the cost of transportation of passengers 1 was much smaller than the Tu-104A. This is primarily due to large passenger capacity. Use of the aircraft "Aeroflot" began in July 22 1959 city on the route Moscow - Simferopol.

An-10

From 1957 to 1960 The only operator of the car was Aeroflot. 108 aircraft were produced. They compiled 26 series: 10 on 6 machines and 16 on 3. The design of the fuselage almost completely coincides with the fuselage An-12. The main difference is that part of the aircraft is made as a passenger cabin. In the middle of the fuselage, instead of a cargo cabin, there is a passenger cabin. As for the front, it is almost identical to the front of the An-12. The airtight cabin of the crew is separated from the passenger compartment by the hermetically sealed unit. An-10 was designed in such a way that in the event of war it could be rebuilt into a cargo plane, which almost resembled An-12. One copy in reality An-10 was converted into a cargo plane as an experiment.

After the crash occurred An-10A March 18 1972, the operation of the aircraft stopped. To investigate the circumstances and causes of accidents, evaluation of the program operation and the production of AN-10 called a state commission, which was headed by NS Build. It also included representatives of OKB-153, TsAGI EDO-156, OKB-240, «Aeroflot». They concluded that the accident occurred due to the destruction of the fuselage.

An-10 video

The culprit was considered one of the founders - EA Shahatuni who approached the issue of strength is critical. According to them, the car did not have the required level of reliability because all testing conducted in SibNIIA, but there was extensive testing at TsAGI, which is engaged in product purge and Tupolev Ilyushin. So, it was not studied the stresses of landing, take-off, climb, braking and jogging. February 5 1971, was issued an opinion on the strength, it has established a safe level of operation of aircraft modifications in the form of thousands 20. 12 hours and thousands. Landings. In general, the Commission's opinion on the future of the aircraft vary greatly.

Version with destruction-cast components was confirmed at the time when the CB were two AN-10A. Then test and subsequent strategic 148 flight showed that the elements of the fuselage, which became the cause of the accident, remained in one piece, and their destruction was only through 103 flight.

An-10

By order of the Ministry of 27 August 1972 40 of 67 aircraft were written off, and also stopped operating in Aeroflot An-10. 5 November 1972 was transferred to 25 aircraft manufacturing company for freight transport after making the necessary changes in the design. Such changes in the 1973 year were made only for three aircraft, and in 1974, An-10 stopped flights. Most of the machines were recycled, and the rest came as exhibits in museums, teaching aids to universities. Another part of them turned into children's cinemas (Kiev, Samara, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Novocherkassk, Rostov-on-Don, Voronezh). One of the decommissioned aircraft in Kharkov became a slot for slot machines, in Krivoy Rog the cockpit of the pilot was opened for excursions.

Prior to 1980-x, in the Soviet Air Force several AN-10 continue to operate (particularly in Tula, at the airport Klokovo).

The results of operation of An-10

Aircraft An-10 1971 a year transported more than 1,2 million tons of cargo and more 35 million passengers. Thus, they were able to take first place in passenger traffic in the Soviet Union. Over the entire period of operation for various reasons occurred 12 disasters and accidents, 370 people died. And the exploited and developed at the same time IL-18 (from 1959 1973 of the city) - 51 disaster or accident and died 1359 people.

An-10

An-10 at the same time was operated in much more difficult conditions. In the book of VA. Moiseyev told the story of an unnamed aeroflotovets NS. Trunchenkov, the chief of the design department: "Machines of exactly the same class, IL-18, sit on high-quality airfields. In this case, the probability of occurrence of unpleasant situations is less and if necessary you can somehow help. And your An-10 we are chasing all holes and we are afraid of what it will lead to. " Further in the book the case of flight of the plane with landing on the broken ground area, dried up after a rain, "strongly reminding a plate, was resulted; They were afraid for their teeth and tongue. "

An-10

Experience in the operation and development of the aircraft played a key role in the future work of the bureau and the production of transport aircraft An-12.

An-10 characteristics:



Modification An-10
Wingspan, m 38.00
Aircraft Length m 34.00
Height, m 9.83
Wing area, m2 121.73
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 31614
maximum take-off 51000
fuel 10780
Type of engine 4 TMD AI-20A
Power, hp X 4 4000
Maximum speed km / h  
on high 675
near the ground 520
Preregonochnaya range, km 4000
Practical range, km 2000
Practical ceiling, m 10000
Crew 5
Payload: 132 100 passengers or parachutists or 12000 kg of cargo

 

Comments

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In the article, not one or two inaccuracies was particularly amused by the phrase ... "The design of the fuselage almost completely coincides with the fuselage of An-12." ... And this is not so! Coincides with 80% The entire tail of the keel fuselage is of an entirely different design, adapted specifically for the passenger car

Errors in the article. First Shahatuni Elizabeth Avetovna she and not he. Engineer and aircraft designer, doctor of technical sciences, professor. The winner of the Lenin Prize (1962). The second wife of designer Oleg Antonov. Second crash near Kharkov, which was discontinued after the operation of the AN-10 18 not occurred March 1972, 18 and 1972 May.

Nothing bad can be said about airplanes Antonov Design Bureau. They can only admire. Since aviation is a hobby for me, I am happy to read this article and learned a few interesting facts.

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