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Airports in the Arctic. Waste or the need for aviation?
The concept of visiting the Arctic airfields actively discussed in Russia for the past few years. Naturally, the Arctic Circle is very harsh conditions and the construction of a full-fledged airport will cost is very expensive, but, nevertheless, there are also a number of favorable prospects.
Aviation in the Arctic. Latest achievements
Recently, quite often there are news that Russia intends to build on the territory of a number of airfields in the Arctic, and first of all it refers to the military facilities. The purpose of the airfields are primarily lies in the possibility of rapid deployment in different points of the country to protect the integrity and independence of the state. To the best possible way to understand this situation, please refer to geographical knowledge.
Given the fact that when you move between destinations located on the parallels of shorter length can significantly reduce the time for airfare. So, given the equatorial value, it turns out that, if necessary, the commission will need to fly round the world trip 40 thousand kilometers, taking as another parallel world, such 55, this distance will amount to only about 23 thousand kilometers, thus reducing by almost half. Based on the principle that the territory of the polar region begins 66 parallel, then in other words, the distance required for the fulfillment of the world tour will be only 16.3 thousand kilometers, and it will reduce not only the amount necessary airliner fuel, but also reduce the amount emitted into the atmosphere of harmful substances .
Nevertheless, it is necessary to take into account other factors, for example, as an example, the possibility of making direct air travel between a number of Russian cities outside or near the Arctic Circle, which will be beneficial for domestic air carriers and could lead to broader and more massive development of civil aviation in the country.
The prospect of the Arctic airports
Probably on this occasion, you may receive a variety of economic issues, in particular concerning the recoupment of such construction. Thus, you can lead a typical example, which will explain all the same interest in the use of airports in the Arctic territory of the Russian Federation.
Let us imagine that a passenger airliner is going to make airfare from the capital of Finland in the Canadian city of Prince George, and to follow each year tens of thousands of tourists from Europe. Helsinki, while located on 60 degrees north latitude and 25 degrees east longitude (conditionally rounded), and the coordinates of Prince George, according to the geographical source - 54 degrees north latitude and west longitude 123. Thus, if we follow the western direction, the airliner will have to fly an average of 56 parallels to the final destination he will have to overcome 148 degrees coordinate a network of the world. Given that the actual distance on 56 parallel world to one degree of 62,4 kilometers, in this case, passengers will have to overcome about 9.7 thousand kilometers, taking into account possible errors and deviations.
In that case, if an airliner, the next from Helsinki to Prince George to follow through Russia to the aerial in 75 parallel passengers will have to cover a distance of the coordinate network of the world constituting 212 degrees parallel 69, and given that the length of one degree here 40 of kilometers, the distance that will have to overcome to be about 9 thousand kilometers.
This is not the only example of how to participate in the international airport arctic air communication, but the idea could exist. In the case of lack of suitable passenger areas, arctic airports can serve transport aircraft.
Also important is the fact that minimize the risk of the crash into the ocean, and the availability of the airports in the Arctic, the plane could land them urgently in the event of such a necessity.
Quite possibly, the idea to the implementation of the airports in the territory of the Arctic will manifest itself in the near future, as it is cost effective and brings greater security.
Kostyuchenko Yuriy specifically for Avia.pro
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