Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow
Aero CF-105 Arrow - This interceptor has design features a delta wing and intended to destroy the Soviet strategic bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons on board.
The fighter was armed missiles AIM-104 Falcon.
The plane was designed and built by Avro Canada in 1953 year, but in 1958, after re-election of the Government of Canada, was adopted a program of reducing cash allocated to defense, the program was terminated.
After. World War II in the USSR were established strategic bombers with long-range, and the Government of Canada has decided to develop a high-speed fighter is able to exercise control of the airspace in the northern hemisphere.
In 1945 the company AV has been created Roe-Canada Limited for aircraft maintenance ... A design and development of the first Canadian fighter aircraft for the Royal Canadian Air Force Avro-1946, all-weather interceptor was launched in the year 100. Long road design was completed in 1953 year with the creation of the prototype. Canadian engineers have solved a number of problems, including breaking the sound barrier. Innovative project involved the use of a delta wing. This form of the wing gave advantages - swept wing using the opportunity to achieve supersonic speeds. It is also an opportunity through the placement of additional fuel in the cavities of the wings, to increase the flight distance. Increased opportunity to set a larger value altitude. The disadvantage is the increase in air flow resistance at low speeds and altitudes, as well as increased resistance when maneuvering.
For interceptor such shortcomings did not matter as the main flight mode runs at high altitudes and speeds.
Further aircraft design development led to the creation of two modifications: C-104 with one engine and C-104 / 2 equipped with two engines.
Disputes about the layout of the aircraft between the designers allowed to develop uniform requirements:
· Crew - 2 pilot;
· Powerplant - two engines;
· Flight range 556 370 km and km target intercept mode;
· The ability to take off and landing on the runway length 1830 m;
· Cruising speed 1.5 Maxa;
· Raising the ceiling - 21000 m.
To assemble the first aircraft began in the year 1955, the prototype was given the code name RL-201. During test flights reached broad speed 1600 km / h and reached the height of lifting 15000 meters.
In carrying out missions revealed shortcomings mode control system of the engine.
Since 1953, some officials of the Ministry of Defence of Canada began to make proposals reduction program development project to create a Canadian fighter interceptor in 1957, after the re-election of the Liberal government on the replacement of the representatives of the progressive-conservative bloc, the government adopted a decision on the reduction of aircraft programs.
In August 1957, the Canadian government signed the NORAD agreement with the United States, on which the two governments have been obliged to carry out the automation of air defense systems. Under the agreement in Canada were placed missiles with nuclear warheads, which allowed the United States to move the location of the missile defense troops farther north border. Government of Canada to save money was forced to reduce defense spending and close the program of construction of interceptor.
Aero CF-105 Arrow characteristics:
|Modification||CF-105 Mk.I||CF-105 Mk.II|
|Aircraft Length m||23.71||26.07|
|Wing area, m2||113.82||113.82|
|engine's type||2 turbojet Pratt Whitney J75-P-5||2 TRD Orenda PS-13 Iroquois|
|neforsirovannom||X 2 7485||X 2 9000|
|forced||X 2 10886||X 2 13600|
|Maximum speed km / h||1600||2500 (M = 2.35)|
|Practical range, km||2400|
|Combat range, km||925|
|Practical ceiling, m||16165||17842|
|Armament:||SD air-to-air||SD air-to-air|
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