Radio-controlled aerial target type Aerial Target (AT) have begun to develop more 70 years ago. It was the world's first anti-aircraft shells, which can be controlled, who designed and built the British constructor A. Lowe. This development was carried out during the First World War. The main objective was the destruction of German bombers. It was first used 1917 year, but due to imperfect design and management interest in the development dropped.
The history of the project
The need has arisen due to mass bombing enemy aircraft. During these years only began to emerge the country's air defense. This massive destruction of strategic targets from the air bombings led to the activation of designers to create safety systems. It should also be noted that bombing of German zeppelins were held at night, making it difficult to destroy their ground systems.
Thus, in 1925 it was already a well-known electronic kit Archibald Lowe proposed to resist enemy aircraft unmanned radio-controlled vehicles, which carried the explosives. The idea of the designer was laid on the ground control unit to the detected target, then Aerial Target (AT) was supposed to explode near the target and bring maximum damage bomber shrapnel. This idea took to develop, the chief designer of the project was G. Folland, and Lowe was appointed head of the Research Department.
The name "Flying target" was chosen specifically to mislead enemy intelligence. Vehicle was made of wood in Scheme monoplane, which were highly situated wings. Wingspan device reached 4,2 meters. The power plant was presented to the two-cylinder piston engine, which gave 25 horsepower. Motor drives a single propeller. It was originally set 50-hp engine, but it created a large magneto interference to radio equipment.
Used to control the horizontal and vertical rudders, and the stability of the roll has become possible due to the bending of the wing. Along the body and between the wings were stretched special wire, which acts as an antenna. Each antenna is mounted worked on reception of a certain frequency, which were transferred to the relay autopilot.
The project, drawn up by Lowe, the machine had to run from a catapult on the specified path to the goal. The operator should keep the device in the field of view, then it is necessary to make rise closer to the target in a circular path. After reaching the goal of undermining held 40 kilos of explosives, which was carrying a drone. If you deviate from the course could ground the machine due to the presence of ski gear type.
In the spring of the year it was made 1917 7 machines Aerial Target (AT). The first demonstration of the machine took place in March 1917 years, the flight was over pretty quickly, as the screw was broken, yet the designer managed to demonstrate good control of the target. This demonstration showed the possibilities, and then began active development of the project. Further tests were virtually failures due to numerous breakdowns. In addition, there is a new task for the destruction of enemy bombers. Of course, Aerial Target (AT) and could resist them, but required significant revision of the device which has not given permission. In the autumn of the year 1917 decree management project was finally closed.
AerialTarget (AT). Characteristics:
|Aircraft Length m||6.20|
|Wing area, m2|
|engine's type||1 PD ABC Gnat|
|Power, hp||X 1 35|
|Maximum speed km / h|
|Practical ceiling, m|
- Aviation and literature
- A uniform
- Military aviation
- Civil Aviation
- Helpful information
- The calendar
- Aviation and music
- game air
- Plane Crash
- Aviation and cinema
- Educational establishments
- Author's articles
- Assemblies and units of air equipment
- The probability of catastrophes
- Online Timetable
- The calculation of the distance
Best in the world of aviation