UAV ADM-160 MALD - developed in the USA by Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical jammer. Miniature Air-Launched Decoy (MALD) - launched from small aircraft jammer, which developed the program as an experienced demonstrator MALD promising technologies DARPA. The main objective of the program was to create a compact, low-cost single jammer that would have been used in order to reduce the losses of aircraft and help in winning air superiority. UAV misleading air and ground air defense system. The cost of the cost of production of one copy should not exceed US $ 30000. Parallel to this project was the brainchild of another program - SENGAP (Small Engine Advanced Program), which developed the promising small-sized engines. As a result, the program was designed and built a miniature jet engine thrust 22,7 kgs - TJ-50. It is integrated with a detachable part of the engine compartment. In studies carried out tests to verify the different modes of the engine depending on the altitude. Designing MALD conducted strictly according to the requirements of the Air Force unmanned suppliers interference. DARPA jointly with the Center for Aviation Systems Air Force announced a competition to design the best project of small-sized inexpensive jammer. The contest was won by Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical, which 1999 year signed a contract to develop a UAV. Delivery time - 27 months.
TRA has begun work on a new drone with other companies:
Sunstrand Corporation - turbojet six-inch engines.
Northrop Grumman - installation of electronic equipment.
General Dynamics Electronics - software for routing flights.
Lockheed Martin - the integration with the aircraft carrier.
The main objectives of the program ACTD: engineering, design, construction and testing of unmanned, analysis of production planning, the concept of tactical and operational applications. Air Force Systems Center for extensive testing was 32 unit ADM-160 MALD.
The main task of the UAV was the activation of enemy air defense systems that were given to its location. As a result, the detected air defense would be amazed at the high-speed missiles antiradar HARM. Also, the actions of the UAV was to make enemy air defenses to produce ammunition and thereby emptied. Such imitation demonstrated high demand, as greatly reduces the loss of Allied aircraft during the direct attack of enemy air defenses.
Application is as follows: the UAV is launched from an aircraft carrier directly to the entrance of the zone of enemy air defenses. Then make automated drones flying without feedback from the carrier aircraft and the NSO. As the carrier used F-16, but in the future was planned to re-equipped A / F-18, B-1B, JSF, F-15, F-22.
When transporting wing UAV poluutopalo in the fuselage, which together with the tail made from composite materials. The tail section was mounted engine and air intake located below the fuselage.
Applied technologies in commercial unmanned ADM-160:
Avionics and electrical subsystem (I / O modules, protsessorCOTS, IMU, a receiver GPS, standard PC / 104, modular open architecture).
Planer (automotive manufacturing technology, wings, fuselage, tail surfaces).
The power plant (commercial suppliers of components, simple design with a small number of modular units).
The payload (plastic parts are made by injection molding, automated assembly).
MALD first flew 09.01.1999 years. Starting committed to the F-16s Edwards Air Force Base in California at the height of 6100 850 m at a speed of km / h. The main objectives of which pursued the Air Force command is to test unmanned safe disconnection from the aircraft carrier, the engine is started at an altitude of more than 6 0.75 km at a speed of meters.
Analysts believe that the system is able to fully meet the tactical characteristics of the Navy and the US Air Force radar trap and reduce the loss of the aircraft in carrying out airstrikes on targets with powerful air defense systems. At the moment, the question of adopting this system is considered the command of the US Air Force. If the decision is positive, the producer will need to create a more compact units 1500 suppliers interference.
If you make some research and upgrade the aircraft carrier, there will be new ways to use the UAV ADM-160 MALD:
The suppression of air defense.
Budget defense system to protect the facilities from cruise missiles.
Autonomous cheap offensive system.
Neutralization of control and communication systems.
Disposable cheap air target.
The vehicle for the delivery of electronic intelligence devices.
ADM-160 MALD. Characteristics:
|Wing area, m2||1.30|
|engine's type||1 TRD TJ-50|
|Thrust, kgf||X 1 22.75|
|Maximum speed km / h||900|
|Flight distance, km||more 450|
|The flight duration, min||20|
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