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An-14
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An-14

Antonov An-14

 

An-14 - Soviet light transport airplane, which was to replace the An-2, performed its first flight in the spring of 1958 years. An-14 was capable of short takeoff and landing, and was designed for use with unprepared ground sites.

The aircraft is equipped with two radial piston engines AI-14RF (Ivchenko). It would be stable in flight. They could run pilots of low and medium qualification, the last few hours of training. Basically, the Soviet Air Force operated as a coherent plane.

An-14

In 1965 year started its mass production, which lasted up to 1972 years. He never managed to replace the An-2, 340 was created only aircraft. It is worth noting that on the basis of AN-14 was designed AN-28, which is still produced in Poland Aviation Plant "PZL-Mielec". At its base in Ukraine it was built An-38.

Last machine, restored from a museum exhibit, took off from the airfield ispytatelskoy aircraft factory «Progress» 9 1999 December, during the flight, making care to alternate aerodromes in severe weather conditions, the aircraft wing touched the trees and crashed. On board were the elite seaside air.

An-14

OKB Antonova at the beginning of 1950-ies. Began to design short-landing and take-off aircraft (SCLV). The first was An-14. Such aircraft were designed several pieces. Projects of aircraft "Pchelka" and SLE are still on paper, although they were approved by TsAGI and the Air Force. "Each of the aircraft has its own destiny. Some are produced easily, have general approval, while others manage to break through only with great difficulty, "- claimed the chief designer OK. Antonov. It is to the second and refers An-14 "Bee". This name was given to an oversized universal aircraft intended for agriculture.

No aircraft, created in the Antonov Design Bureau, has such a thorny path as An-14. None of his project has undergone so many serious changes as this cozy little plane. Among all the designers, he alone for many years created airplanes that were not tied to such an expensive and complex structure as an airfield. The work was under the management of A.Ya. Belolipetsk in accordance with the decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, starting from 24 May 1956. After the project "Bee" was completed, the new leadership decided to increase the number of passenger seats to seven. Initially, 3 machines were created, which have some differences.

An-14 cabin

14 March 1958 year, An-14 made its first flight under the supervision of VN. Izgeym, an experienced test pilot. The first machine was tested in factory tests. It was equipped with straight stabilizers with rectangular carpets and a three-bladed metal screw. The second machine has a two-bladed wooden screw, as well as a stabilizer having an angle of collapse of 9 degrees. In the rear, the third aircraft had a large hatch that was used for pouring chemicals and for loads for agricultural work. OK. Antonov outlined in the form of experience on the map 68 settlements, not knowing if they have a landing site for them. The pilot was assigned to land on AN-14 in each locality, no further than 200-300 m from the outskirts. For 3 flight he managed to visit all points and fulfill his task.

An-14

An-14 was demonstrated to the Minister of Defense R.Ya. Malinovsky. First glancing at the car, the marshal joked: "Yes, judging by the size, this is not a" bee ", but a real bee. Let's see how it shows itself in the business. " With a group of generals on board, the aircraft carried out a small run and climbed into the air. After a short flight and a report on An-14, the minister said: "An excellent aircraft, it must be launched in a series." Thus, the aircraft was entitled to mass production. After alterations and comprehensive tests, in comparison with the first sample, he changed a lot. The prototypes became the basis for creating another serial version - An-14A. In addition, on its basis, several more advanced aircraft were produced.

An-14 characteristics:



Modification An-14A
Wingspan, m 21.99
Aircraft Length m 11.36
Height, m 4.63
Wing area, m2 39.72
Weight, kg  
empty aircraft 2600
normal takeoff 3450
maximum take-off 3630
Domestic fuel l 383
engine's type 2 PD Progress (Ivchenko) AI-14RF
Power, hp X 2 300
Maximum speed km / h 222
Cruising speed, km / h 175
Ferry range, km 680
Practical range, km 470
Practical ceiling, m 5000
Crew 1 + 1
Payload: 6-7 720 passengers or cargo kg

 

Comments

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I did not find the information about how much they were all released? And why from them so quickly they decided to get rid of? Really there was no prospect of modernization? It is particularly interesting to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of the aircraft. I hope for a competent opinion. I will be grateful.

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